This document was written in 1994, when the World Wide Web was emerging, but not yet the dominant usage of the Internet. Other protocols and services were important and one had to know how to search them. So, most entries in this page are only of historic interest.

Yet Another Internet Index

What is out there? - Internet Resources and Search Tools

There are Gigabytes of free software and information on ftp-servers. The first tool to search them was
Archie started as a telnet service (, ). WWW-archie-gateways are a bit more comfortable: An alternative to Archie was FTP Search, now taken over by Lycos. Today, most WWW Search Machines also index the content of ftp servers.
Significant information used to be provided by gopher servers. (Gopher can be considered a predecessor to the WWW.) Gopher space was searched with Veronica. (Seems to be a dead link now.)
In the early days of the Internet some services were available by telnet. One of the best indexes of services available via ftp, gopher, and especially telnet was Scott Yanoff's list. It seems to have been last updated in 1995. Some copies (1, 2) are still floating around on the Web. Scott Yanoff's list can be considered a precursor to subject indexes like Yahoo. HYTELNET was another index to telnet services.
distributed conferencing
DejaNews (now at google) lets you search all USENET articles (except alt.*, soc.*, talk.* or *.binaries ) (of the last month) by keyword.
alternative to DejaNews
A lot of information is in the frequently asked questions (FAQ's) of USENET. They are posted to the news group news.answers .
The FAQ's are recorded at
In case you are looking for a public news server, you can contact
Netfind, PH, WHOIS and other white page services
The FAQ: How to find people's E-mail addresses is a good guide to white page information services. Some links are:

Searching the Web

Once upon a time, there were hand-made subject indexes like Scott Yanoff's list . Bigger catalogues like CERN's WWW Virtual Library followed. Hand-made indexes, however, are not easily kept up-to-date. The first robots to automatically follow hyperlinks and build URL databases appeared (WWW Worm / JumpStation / The WebCrawler/ WWW Nomad / NorthStar.) Some of them caused distress among WWW-administrators because of heavy load on WWW servers (cf. The History of ALIWEB.) This motivated another apporach to let content providers register their pages with more or less central databases. (ALIWEB.) In 1996, the big indexes (Altavista, Lycos) took over and some smaller indexes disappeared (JumpStation).

In the period 1996-1998 there was still a significant difference in the number of search results and their quality between robot-made indexes and hand-made indexes. Searching hand-made indexes like EInet Galaxy or Yahoo gave mostly high-quality links, but fewer. Searching the early indexes of Altavista or Lycos usually turned up more results, but many with poor quality. When the Portal idea took hold, most of the major players merged hand-made indexes with robot-made indexes (as well as other content) and the distinction between hand-made indexes and robot-made indexes blurred. The following list was uptodate as of 1998:

handmade, rated, or reviewed
The WWW Virtual Library
Open Directory
EINet Galaxy
The Clearinghouse for Subject-Oriented Internet Resources
ALIWEB formerly Nexor, now EMnet
Global Electronic Library Library of Congress' subject index
Internet-cmc list John December
mainly robot-made
Alta Vista
DINO German pages
Fireball (vormals flipper, TU Berlin)
Netguide (Focus+Lycos)
Search engine lists and multiple-engine interfaces
W3 Search Engines - an interface to several search engines (at U. of Geneva)
All in 1 Search
MetaGer (Uni Hannover)
submit services
Submit It!

As I won't update the list above, go to c't WWW search links instead.

last reviewed: March 1, 2000
© 1994 - 2000 by Stefan Jaschke